One of the factors guiding selection of management alternatives is spatial context. From an ecological perspective, not all management options are relevant for all habitat types, but planning or project areas commonly involve multiple habitats, hence multiple spatial contexts. From an ecosystem services perspective, the provision of services varies across space. Viewing management options in the context of a large ecosystem can provide clarifying information to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of management.
Figure 1 displays the spatial context that the U.S. Forest Service used to design landscape treatments for the Marsh project at Deschutes National Forest. Forest managers recognized that many acres within the planning area needed vegetation treatments to reduce the risk of stand-replacing fire and to help maintain the current flow of ecosystem services that would be negatively affected by such a catastrophic event. Figure 1 shows three areas, each with a unique management trade-off:
Figure 1. Applying spatial context to the Marsh project at Deschutes National Forest.
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